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Content Regulation on Private TV Channels

As per existing regulatory framework, programmes and advertisements telecast on private satellite TV channels are regulated in accordance with the Programme Codes and Advertising Codes prescribed under the Cable Television Networks (Regulation) Act, 1995 and rules framed thereunder. The Programme and Advertising Codes contain a wide range of parameters to regulate programmes and advertisements on TV channels....

The Cable Television Networks Rules, 1994 have been amended vide Notification No.GSR 416(E) dated 17.06.2021 thereby providing for a statutory mechanism for redressal of grievances/complaints of citizens relating to content broadcast by television channels. These rules are called the Cable Television Networks (Amendment) Rules, 2021. The Rules provide that in order to ensure observance and adherence to the Programme Code and the Advertising Code by the broadcaster and to address the grievance or complaint, if any, relating thereto, there shall be a three-level structure (complaint redressal structure) as under: Level I - A self-regulation by broadcasters; Level II - Self-regulation by the self-regulating bodies of the broadcasters; and Level III - Oversight mechanism by the Central Government.

Any person aggrieved by the content of a programme of a channel as being not in conformity with the Programme Code or the Advertising Code may file his complaint in writing to the broadcaster or to Advertising Standards Council of India (ASCI) if such pertains to the Advertising codes laid by it. A broadcaster shall establish a grievance or complaint redressal mechanism and appoint an officer to deal with the complaints received by it. The broadcaster/ ASCII shall, within the stipulated time, takes a decision and communicate the same to the complainant. The grievances/ complaints which have not been addressed by the broadcaster shall be dealt and disposed of by the Self-regulating bodies (Level-II), registered by Central Government, within stipulated time.

As a part of oversight mechanism, Central Government has established an Inter-Departmental Committee (IDC) for hearing grievances or complaints and refer to the IDC grievances or complaints arising out of the decision of the self-regulating body, or if no decision has been taken by the self-regulating body within the stipulated time, or on receipt of such other complaints or references relating to violation of Programme Code or Advertising Code as it may consider necessary. The IDC is chaired by the Additional Secretary in the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting and consists representatives from the Ministry of Women and Child Development, Ministry of Home Affairs, Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, Ministry of External Affairs, Ministry of Defence. In March 2023, domain experts from Press Council of India (PCI), Bar Council of India (BCI), Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce & Industry (FICCI), Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) have been included as IDC member.

The Government has also established Electronic Media Monitoring Centre (EMMC) as state-of-the-art facility with a view to monitor and record the content of satellite TV channels with regard to violation of Programme and Advertisement Codes enshrined under the Cable Television Networks (Regulation) Act, 1995 and Rules framed thereunder. EMMC is equipped to monitor and record around 900 channels and currently monitors all permitted channels.(website of EMMC- www.emmc.gov.in File size unavailable) Ministry issues advisories to TV channels to adhere to program and advertising codes and in relation with other important issues from time to time.

A.  Grievance Redressal Mechanism To ensure observance and adherence to the Programme Code and the Advertising Code by the broadcaster and to address the grievance of complaint a three-level structure, as under, has been formed: -
Level I - A self-regulation by broadcasters
Level II - Self-regulation by the Self-Regulating Bodies of the broadcasters
Level III - Oversight mechanism by the Central Government

Filing and processing of Grievance and Complaint
i.  Any person aggrieved by the content of a programme of a channel as being not in conformity with the Programme Code or the Advertising Code may file his complaint in writing to the broadcaster: Provided that where such complaint relates to Advertising Code laid down by the Advertising Standards Council of India, such complaint may be addressed to the said Council and that Council shall deal with such complaint in accordance with the procedure laid down by it: Provided further that Advertising Standards Council of India shall take a decision on the complaint within sixty days of its receipt, and communicate the same to the broadcaster and the complainant.
ii.  The broadcaster shall, within twenty-four hours of complaint being filed, generate and issue an acknowledgement to the complainant for his information and record.
iii.  Every complaint shall be dealt with in the following manner, namely: -
(a)   the broadcaster shall dispose of the complaint and inform the complainant of its decision within fifteen days of receipt of such complaint;
(b)   if the decision of the broadcaster is not communicated to the complainant within the stipulated period of fifteen days, or if the complainant is not satisfied with the decision of the broadcaster, he may prefer an appeal to the self-regulating body of which such broadcaster is a member, within fifteen days therefrom;
(c)   the self-regulating body shall dispose of the appeal within sixty days of receipt of appeal and convey its decision in the form of a guidance or advisory to the broadcaster, and inform the complainant of such decision within a period of fifteen days;
(d)   where the complainant is not satisfied with the decision of the self-regulating body, he may, within fifteen days of such decision, prefer an appeal to the Central Government for its consideration under the Oversight Mechanism.

B.  Self-regulating Body (SRBs) Cable Television Networks (Amendment) Rules, 2021 provide a three level structure for to ensure observance and adherence to the Programme Code and Advertising Code. It provide for Self regulation by Self Regulatory Bodies (SRBs) of the broadcasters as Level II. SRBs are independent bodies constituted by the broadcasters and registered by the Ministry of I&B. They are headed by a retired judge of the Supreme Court or of a High Court or by an independent eminent person from relevant field. The SRBs shall have members being experts from the relevant fields. At present two self-regulating bodies have been registered by Ministry of I&B as under:
(a)   Broadcasting Content Complaints Council (BCCC) for regulation of content non-news Private Satellite TV Channel:
Click here to see TV channels registered with BCCC
Click here to visit the website of BCCC
(b)   News Broadcasters Federation - Professional News Broadcasting Standards Authority" (NBF-PNBSA) for regulation of content non-news Private Satellite TV Channels
Click here to see TV channels registered with NBF-PNBSA
Click here to visit the website of NBF-PNBSA

C.  State/ District Level Monitoring Committees This Ministry has issued detailed guidelines subsuming all the earlier orders regarding constitution of State/ District level Monitoring Committees to monitor the content broadcast on private TV channels and also authorizes these committees to monitor content broadcast on private FM Radio Channels and Community Radio Stations. So far, State Level Monitoring Committees have been set up in 18 States, 5 Union Territories and District Level committees in 347 Districts.
Click here to see complete list

S.No. Title Details Date
101 Compliance with provisions of Child and Adolescent Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 2016 and Child and Adolescent Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Rules, 1988 in media production Download (28.71 KB) pdf 27/12/2021
102 Press Release on Guidelines for Uplinking and Downlinking of Satellite Television Channels in India, 2022 Download (76 KB) pdf 09/11/2022
103 Lead Community Radio Stations, their role and responsibilities Download (1.31 MB) pdf 02/02/2022
104 Format for Self Declaration and for furnishing details of applicant organization and its governing body members (MHA format) Download (78.23 KB) pdf 30/09/2020
105 Guidelines for providing grants to Community Radio Stations Download (1.73 MB) pdf 17/08/2018
106 Revised Format for GOPA Renewal Download (213.71 KB) pdf 28/09/2018
107 Revised format for fresh GOPA Download (213.56 KB) pdf 28/09/2018
108 Claim Form for Financial Assistance for Purchased Equipment (CRS) Download (488.2 KB) pdf 21/09/2020
109 Guidelines for implementation of scheme 'Supporting Community Radio Movement in India' Download (654.59 KB) pdf 30/11/2021
110 Administrative Approval for continuation of scheme 'Supporting Community Radio Movement in India' Download (764.99 KB) pdf 30/11/2021
111 Guidelines for empanelment of CRS with BOC and for sponsored programmes on Community Radio Download (804.76 KB) pdf 07/02/2022
112 Beneficiary Details for the purpose of Bank Guarantee for Community Radio Stations Download (418.33 KB) pdf 07/03/2022
113 Administrative approval for continuation of scheme Download (429.78 KB) pdf 17/08/2018
114 Interference issues arising in DTH/HITS/MSOs etc. due to 5G Trial Services and Installation of Band Pass Filters Download (327.96 KB) pdf 18/05/2022
115 Notification of sporting events of national importance Download (1.13 MB) PDF 10/05/2022
116 Constitution of a Working Group to formulate a mandate for exploring Data capturing capabilities in STBs for Audience Measurement Download (470.75 KB) pdf 12/01/2022
117 Accessibility Standards for TV for hearing impaired (accessible version) Download (703.85 KB) pdf 09/11/2021
118 GAZETTE NOTIFICATION S.O. 3792 (E) DATED 15.09.2021-SANSAD TV SD AND SANSAD TV HD Download (1.23 MB) pdf 16/09/2021
119 Gazette Notification no. SO 1699(E) dated 07.05.2019 notifying DD Arunprabha as a mandatory DD channel. Download (271.67 KB) pdf 16/05/2019
120 Gazette Notification no. S.O. 4136(E) dated 15.11.2019 notifying ' DD Yadagiri ' channel under must carry DD channels and for change the genre of 'DD India' channel from 'Infotainment' to 'News & Current Affairs (English)'. Download (496.69 KB) pdf 03/12/2019
121 Policy Guidelines For TV Rating Agencies in India Download (761.08 KB) pdf 02/11/2018
122 Order regarding Policy Guidelines For TV Rating Agencies in India Download (509.54 KB) pdf 02/11/2018
123 Furnishing of information under Rule 10A of the Cable Television Networks Rules, 1994-reg. Download (1.32 MB) pdf 09/12/2022
124 Advisory to Private FM Radio stations dt.30.11.2022 Download (438.53 KB) pdf 01/12/2022
125 Guidelines for Platform Services offered by Multi System Operators. Download (1.75 MB) pdf 30/11/2022
126 Ministry views on TRAI recommendations on Implementation of Digital addressable Cable Systen in India Download (150.34 KB) pdf 02/11/2018
127 Furnishing of Information under Rule 10A of the Cable Television Networks Rules, 1994 Download (1.67 MB) pdf 25/11/2022
128 Application Form For Financial Assitance for Newly Operational CRS-Annexure-I Download (127.92 KB) pdf 24/11/2022
129 Application Form For Financial Assistance for Existing Stations-Annexure-II Download (123.78 KB) pdf 24/11/2022
130 Guidelines for Empanelment Download (1.73 MB) pdf 14/09/2018
131 Consolidated Policy Guidelines for setting up Community Radio Stations in India Download (519.94 KB) pdf 17/11/2022
132 Furnishing of information under Rule 10A of the Cable Television Networks Rules, 1994. Download (566.44 KB) pdf 15/11/2022
133 Operational Guidelines for Direct-To-Home (DTH) Broadcasting Services in India Download (2.56 MB) pdf 21/10/2022
134 Issues relating to Broadcasting and Distribution Services by Central Governemnt/Departments/State Government and Other Institutional Bodies Download (1.15 MB) pdf 21/10/2022
135 Office Order dt. 4.10.22 regarding amendments in FM Radio Ph III Policy Guidelines Download (1.13 MB) pdf 04/10/2022
136 General Advisory on free vaccine booster dose shots to all citizens above the age of 18 years at all the government centers Download (370.04 KB) pdf 26/08/2022
137 Details of operational private FM Radio stations as on 15.08.2022 Download (359.61 KB) pdf 16/08/2022
138 Policy Guidelines Amendment for setting up community Radio dated on 03-08-2022 Download (1.01 MB) pdf 03/08/2022
139 Advisory to private FM Radio broadcasters Download (428.82 KB) pdf 06/07/2022
140 Advisory on Advertisements of Online Betting Platforms Download (1.77 MB) pdf 13/06/2022
141 Advisory for adherence to the provisions of Section 20 of The Cable Television Networks (Regulation) Act, 1995 including to the Programme Code laid down thereunder Download (554.36 KB) pdf 23/04/2022
142 Compliance of Orders passed by Central Consumer Protection Authority (CCPA) under Consumer Protection Act, 2019 against Misleading Advertisements Download (6.13 MB) pdf 11/04/2022
143 Advisory dated on 24.02.2022 Download (442.05 KB) pdf 28/02/2022
144 Accessibility Standards for TV Programmes for Hearing Impaired - seeking comments from General Public and Stakeholders Download (998.34 KB) pdf 03/11/2021
145 Amendment in Guidelines for obtaining license for providing DTH Broadcasting Services in India Download (1.34 MB) pdf 30/12/2020
146 Cabinet approved Revision in guidelines for providing Direct to Home (DTH) Services in India Download (826.09 KB) pdf 23/12/2020
147 Amendment in HITS guidelines Download (1.22 MB) pdf 09/11/2020
148 Launch of Emergency Response Support System (ERSS) on Women Safety / Persons in Distress - reg. Download (5.33 MB) pdf 30/01/2020
149 Advisory dated 14.02.2019 regarding adherence to the Programme and Advertising Codes of the CTN Act, 1995 Download (274.09 KB) pdf 15/02/2019
150 All Private TV Channels are requested to carry TV programmes with sign language interpretation for accessing by differently abled people Download (313.54 KB) pdf 08/02/2019

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