DD/AIR News

  • In the study published in the journal Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, individuals with either a musical or bilingual background activated different brain networks and showed less brain activity, researchers said. "These findings show that musicians and bilinguals require less effort to perform the same task, which could also protect them against cognitive decline and delay the onset of dementia," said Claude Alain, a senior scientist at Baycrest's Rotman Research Institute in Canada. "Our results also demonstrated that a person's experiences, whether it's learning how to play a musical instrument or another language, can shape how the brain functions and which networks are used," said Alain. Musicians and people who are bilingual have long been shown to have a better working memory, the ability to keep things in mind, such as remembering a phone number, a list of instructions or doing mental math. However, it remains a mystery as to why this is the case. This is the first brain imaging study looking at all three groups and this work uncovers how these activities boost different parts of the brain among individuals, said Alain. The study looked at the brains of 41 young adults between the ages of 19-35, who fit into three categories: English-speaking non-musicians, musicians who only spoke English and bilinguals who didn't play a musical instrument. Brain imagery was captured for each participant as they were asked to identify whether the sound they heard was the same type as the previous one. Sounds from musical instruments, the environment and humans were among those used in the study. Participants were also asked to identify if what they heard was coming from the same direction as the previous noise. Musicians remembered the type of sound faster than individuals in the other groups, while bilinguals and musicians performed better on the location task. Bilinguals performed at about the same level as individuals who spoke only one language and didn't play a musical instrument on remembering the sound, but they still showed less brain activity when completing the task. "People who speak two languages may take longer to process sounds since the information is run through two language libraries rather than just one," said Alain, who is also an associate professor at the University of Toronto in Canada. "During this task, the brains of bilinguals showed greater signs of activation in areas that are known for speech comprehension, supporting this theory," he said. As next steps, researchers are exploring the impact of art and musical training among adults to see if this leads to changes in brain function. 

  • Authorities on Sunday warned the public to stay away from the toxic steam cloud, which is formed by a chemical reaction when lava touches seawater. Further upslope, lava continued to gush out of large cracks in the ground that formed in residential neighborhoods in a rural part of the Big Island. The molten rock formed rivers that bisected forests and farms as it meandered toward the coast. The rate of sulfur dioxide gas shooting from the ground fissures tripled, leading Hawaii County to repeat warnings about air quality. At the volcano's summit, two explosive eruptions unleashed clouds of ash. Winds carried much of the ash toward the southwest. Scientists said the steam clouds at the spots where lava entered the ocean were laced with hydrochloric acid and fine glass particles that can irrigate the skin and eyes and cause breathing problems. The lava haze, or "laze," from the plume spread as far as 24 kilometers west of where the lava met the ocean on the Big Island's southern coast. It was just offshore and running parallel to the coast, said U.S. Geological Survey scientist Wendy Stovall. Scientists said the acid in the plume was about as corrosive as diluted battery acid. The glass was in the form of fine glass shards. Authorities warned that the plume could shift direction if the winds changed. The Coast Guard said it was enforcing a safety zone extending 984 feet (300 meters) around the ocean entry point. Coast Guard Lt. Cmdr. John Bannon said in a statement Sunday that "getting too close to the lava can result in serious injury or death." Gov. David Ige told reporters in Hilo that the state was monitoring the volcano and keeping people safe. "Like typical eruptions and lava flows, it's really allowing Madam Pele to run its course," he said, referring to the Hawaiian goddess of volcanoes and fire. Ige said he was thankful that the current flows weren't risking homes and hoped it would stay that way. On Saturday, the eruption claimed its first major injury. David Mace, a spokesman for the Federal Emergency Management Agency who was helping Hawaii County respond to the disaster, said a man was struck in the leg by a flying piece of lava. He didn't have further details, including what condition the man was in. Kilauea has burned some 40 structures, including two dozen homes, since it began erupting in people's backyards in the Leilani Estates neighborhood on May 3. Some 2,000 people have evacuated their homes, including 300 who were staying in shelters. In recent days, the lava began to move more quickly and emerge from the ground in greater volume. Scientists said that's because the lava that first erupted was magma left over from a 1955 erupted that had been stored in the ground for the past six decades. The molten rock that began emerging over the past few days was from magma that has recently moved down the volcano's eastern flank from one or two craters that sit further upslope - the Puu Oo crater and the summit crater.

  • Morata paid the price for a disappointing debut season in the Premier League as Spain coach Julen Lopetegui picked Iago Aspas and Rodrigo Moreno up front, along with Atletico Madrid's Diego Costa. "The decision is always difficult because of the talent of the players we have," Lopetegui said. "We have opted for three other players who had different assets and including four players up front was not something we wanted to do." Two more Chelsea players also missed out as Marcos Alonso and Cesc Fabregas were not included in the 23-man group. Morata's absence was the stand-out decision, however, even if it was not an entirely surprising one given the 25-year-old's dramatic dip in form. After scoring seven goals in his first seven games for Chelsea, a back injury seemed to affect his confidence. Morata has scored only three times in 22 games since the turn of the year. "I've talked to the players I had to talk to," Lopetegui said. "I'm not going to name anybody, but there are players who had to find out from me that they were not going to be on the list." In contrast, Aspas and Moreno have been in excellent form for Celta Vigo and Valencia respectively, with Aspas the top Spanish scorer in La Liga on 22 goals. Costa is expected to start when Spain open up against Portugal in Group B on June 15 but Aspas, with his speed and direct running, remains an attractive option. Alonso only made his debut in a friendly against Argentina in March and lost out to Arsenal's Nacho Monreal. Fabregas fell behind Spain's impressive wealth of options in midfield, which will include Sergio Busquets, Saul Niguez, Koke, Thiago Alcantara, Andres Iniesta, David Silva, Isco, Marco Asensio and Lucas Vazquez. Manchester United's David de Gea was included as expected, along with fellow goalkeepers Pepe Reina and Kepa Arrizabalaga. Chelsa defender Cesar Azpilicueta did make it in, as did Monreal. Dani Carvajal, Alvaro Odriozola, Gerard Pique, Sergio Ramos, Nacho and Jordi Alba complete Spain's group of defenders. "I've had several doubts, making a list of 23 is very difficult," Lopetegui said. "But we have decided this was the most balanced decision and the one we think will help us most at the World Cup." Spain squad for 2018 World Cup: Goalkeepers: David de Gea, Pepe Reina, Kepa Arrizabalaga Defenders: Dani Carvajal, Alvaro Odriozola, Gerard Piqué, Sergio Ramos, Nacho, Cesar Azpilicueta, Jordi Alba, Nacho Monreal Midfielders: Sergio Busquets, Saul, Koke, Thiago Alcantara, Andres Iniesta, David Silva Forwards: Isco, Sergio Asensio, Lucas Vazquez, Iago Aspas, Rodrigo, Diego Costa

  • Leading women players like Kiwi Suzie Bates, Aussies Alyssa Healy, Beth Mooney, Ellyse Perry, Megan Schutt and England's Danielle Wyatt will be part of the game which will take place before the Qualifier 1 between Chennai Super Kings and Sunrisers Hyderabad. "It is very exciting for all of us to be playing this exhibition match and thankful to BCCI for organising such a unique match and it is a stepping show to the IPL. And hopefully, we will put up a good show and audience and BCCI people will think of having a IPL," Mandhana told reporters. "Everyone wants to put up a good show and bring women's cricket to the world. This is the first-ever match we will be playing with foreign players on Indian soil. Everyone is excited to part of this historical moment. We all are looking forward to put up a good show so that we can express ourselves in front of audience and BCCI that IPL will be good to watch also,” she said. Mandhana believes that an women's IPL can take place with four teams but admits that there aren't enough players for an eight-team tournament. "Well we cannot have eight teams, but we can have an IPL of 4-5 teams to start with, definitely not eight teams, not right now. "Four to five teams, to start with is a good initiative, because when men's IPL started, first two seasons only foreigners scored and later on we started developing our bench-strength, you never know that same can happen with women's cricket. "Through IPL its easier to develop the bench-strength. The girls will be playing with all the foreign players along with us and they will learn much more quicker and the bench strength will be more quicker...," explained Mandhana. Similarly, dashing batter Harmanpreet Kaur feels that the players were waiting for this kind of a match since a long time. "We are very excited and were waiting since a long time when we could play an IPL like tournament. We are happy that we have got an opportunity tomorrow and hopefully we will get a good match." Asked whether India has players that could make up four teams for Women's IPL, Kaur answered positively saying, "Yes I do think." "We have 20 girls who are representing India - be it T20, 50 over apart from it there is India A team. We do have 30-35 girls. Everything else depends on tomorrow's match and how we get response from the public. And if there is good response, BCCI is very keen to form such a T20 tournament from next year. "Earlier there were not many players. But last two years we have got tournaments and BCCI has organized camps, so now there 30-35 girls who can strictly focus on the League, it is starting tomorrow and in the years to come we can get a good tournament," she explained. Kiwi Suzie Batez also feels that in the future Women's IPL could be a reality. "Just so excited for all the girls to have an opportunity to play tomorrow and in the future we can have women's IPL and more players and more Indian players get an opportunity," she said. Batez admits that though it is an exhibition game, there will be a lot of nerves. "So there's going to be a lot of nerves. We want a really good game for cricket. But look, I'm sure girls and going to be excited, and some girls are going to want to shine in the spotlight. "That's what we want to see. We've seen it in the men's game, that players just love the hype and crowds getting into it and such things," she signed off. The Squads: IPL Trailblazers: Smriti Mandhana (Captain), Alyssa Healy (wk), Suzie Bates, Deepti Sharma, Beth Mooney, Jemimah Rodrigues, Danielle Hazell, Shikha Pandey, Lea Tahuhu, Jhulan Goswami, Ekta Bisht, Poonam Yadav, Dayalan Hemalatha. IPL Supernova: Harmanpreet Kaur (Captain), Danielle Wyatt, Mithali Raj, Meg Lanning, Sophie Devine, Ellyse Perry, Veda Krishnamurthy, Mona Meshram, Pooja Vastrakar, Megan Schutt, Rajseshwari Gayakwad, Anuja Patil, Taniya Bhatia (wicket keeper). 

  • After going down 1-4 to Canada in the opening match, Saina and Co. seemed to get their act together as they won all the matches, except the first women's doubles. World No 10 Saina started the proceedings as she saw off Hsuan-Yu Wendy Chen 21-14 21-19 in a 35-minute opening match to give India a 1-0 lead. However, Meghana Jakkampudi and Poorvisha S Ram suffered a 13-21 16-21 loss to Australia's Gronya Somerville and Renuga Veeran within half an hour to concede the advantage. Vaishnavi Reddy Jakka, 16, then dumped Jennifer Tam 21-17 21-13 to once again bring India back in the contest. Sanyogita Ghorpade and Prajakta Sawant then defeated Louisa Ma and Ann-Louise Slee 21-19 21-11 in the second women's doubles match to help India take an unassailable 3-1 lead.  Anura Prabhudesai, the 19-year-old from Goa, then brushed aside Zecily Fung 21-6 21-7 in 18 minutes to seal the contest 4-1 for India. India's qualification for the knockout stage will depend on their next match against top seeds Japan on Wednesday. 

  • Torres scored twice on his final appearance for Atletico, even if a Lucas Hernandez red card helped Eibar claim a 2-2 draw on the last day of the La Liga season. Iniesta's 22-year association with Barcelona, meanwhile, ended with a victory as the player marked out as the Spaniard's successor, Philippe Coutinho, proved the difference in a 1-0 win over Real Sociedad. With a tear in his eye, Iniesta walked off to a standing ovation from the Camp Nou in the second half, having unfastened his captain's armband and handed it to Lionel Messi. He hugged the Argentinian and then embraced the rest of his colleagues. The 34-year-old clapped the crowd, blew them a kiss, before exhaling and ducking into the dug-out. An extravagent post-match ceremony followed, celebratng both Iniesta and the winning of La Liga and the Copa del Rey. Barca's players returned to the pitch all wearing shirts with Iniesta's name on their backs. "It is a difficult day," Iniesta said in a speech to the crowd. "But it has been a wonderful 22 years. It has been a privilege and a pleasure to defend and represent this club, for me the best in the world. I will keep you in my heart forever." Barca's players then huddled beneath Iniesta and tossed him into the air. "I feel privileged," coach Ernesto Valverde said. "Just as they all do to have been a part of it. He is a unique, unrepeatable player. There is none like him." After 22 years at the club and 16 in the first team, Iniesta's 674 appearances for Barcelona is bettered only by Xavi Hernandez, who was also on the pitch before kick-off to join in the tributes. Real Sociedad welcomed Iniesta with a guard of honour while the crowd formed an impressive mosaic to spell out 'Infinit Iniesta' on the two sides of the stadium, with an infinity symbol, doubling up as number eights, at the ends. A giant flag behind one of the goals read 'Gracies Per Tant', 'thank you for so much'. Torres' swansong was less emotional, perhaps because his fairytale ending had already arrived on Wednesday, when he lifted his first Atleti trophy after the Europa League final against Marseille. But his double against Eibar added some extra sparkle in front of his own supporters, who stayed on after the final whistle to watch the team form another guard of honour as the striker left the pitch. On his 404th appearance for Atletico, Torres' goals were his 128th and 129th for the club, coming 17 years after his first, scored against Albacete in the Segunda Division in 2001. "I thank the whole Atletico family," Torres said afterwards. "I knew I wanted to play here and it has been an honour and a privilege to wear this shirt more than 400 times. You have made me the happiest person in the world." Torres, like Iniesta, has yet to declare his next move but this display -- speedy, sharp and clinical -- will have caught the eye of any interested parties. He had walked out before kick-off, with his three children, through a corridor formed by the Eibar players as Atletico's fans displayed the words, 'De Nino A Leyenda', meaning 'from a kid to a legend'. Outside the ground, fans had posed for photos next to life-size Torres cut-outs and peered at message boards, detailing the player's greatest moments.  This, after all, was a boyhood Atletico fan, who first watched his team with his grandfather as a child, and who, when he returned to the club for a second spell in 2015, drew a crowd of more than 40,000 just for his presentation. Atletico coach Diego Simeone predicted Torres will one day be back again. "His return was something I'd never seen before and today's farewell was equal to that," Simeone said. "I have no doubt he will return to the Atletico, maybe we will meet again at some point. A life in football is very long."

  • Obesity increasingly affects millions of people worldwide, with cases rising sharply in young children and babies - a trend which is not explained by evolving diets and lifestyles alone. Chemicals that interfere with how our bodies store and process fat are referred to as 'obesogens', and have been suggested as a possible contributor to the increasing number of obesity cases. Researchers from the University of Aveiro and University of Beira Interior in Portugal reviewed existing studies, and showed that the most important sources of exposure to obesogens indoors are diet, house dust, and everyday products such as cleaning chemicals, kitchenware or cosmetics. Diet samples in some of the studies showed, for example, that obesogens such as tributyltin - a chemical in anti-fouling paint banned a decade ago, and cadmium - a metal widespread in the environment associated with certain cancers, can still be found in food products, in some cases at high concentrations. "Obesogens can be found almost everywhere, and our diet is a main source of exposure, as some pesticides and artificial sweeteners are obesogens," said said Ana Catarina Sousa, from University of Lisbon in Portugal. "Equally, they are present in plastics and home products, so completely reducing exposure is extremely difficult - but to significantly reduce it is not only feasible, but also very simple," said Sousa. Based on the findings of the review, the researchers suggest removing shoes when entering the house to avoid bringing in contaminants in the sole of shoes, vacuuming often, and minimising carpet at home or work. Researchers also recommend people to choose fresh food over processed products and buying organic fruit and vegetables produced without pesticides. Further studies are needed in order to provide unequivocal evidence of how obesogens contribute to the obesity epidemic. "These are baby steps to achieve an obesogen-free lifestyle but a really good start. Essentially, watch your diet and get rid of the dust at home," Sousa said. "Adults ingest about 50 milligrammes of dust every day, and children twice as much, so keeping the house clean is a very effective measure. And use a humid cloth to dust your furniture, rather than a cleaning product that may contain more of these chemicals," she said.

  • The study, published in the journal Applied Nano Materials, outlines a new method of producing a type of nanoparticle called quantum dots. “Our research confirmed previous evidence that tea leaf extract can be a non-toxic alternative to making quantum dots using chemicals,” said Sudhagar Pitchaimuthu from Swansea University in the UK, who led the study. “The real surprise, however, was that the dots actively inhibited the growth of the lung cancer cells. We had not been expecting this,” Pitchaimuthu said. Quantum dots can be made chemically, but this is complicated and expensive and has toxic side effects. The team, including researchers from K S Rangasamy College of Technology and Bharathiar University in Tamil Nadu, explored a non-toxic plant-based alternative method of producing the dots, using tea leaf extract. Tea leaves contain a wide variety of compounds, including polyphenols, amino acids, vitamins and antioxidants. The researchers mixed tea leaf extract with cadmium sulphate (CdSO4) and sodium sulphide (Na2S) and allowed the solution to incubate, a process which causes quantum dots to form. They then applied the dots to lung cancer cells. They found that tea leaves are a simpler, cheaper and less toxic method of producing quantum dots, compared with using chemicals, confirming the results of other research in the field. The study found that quantum dots produced from tea leaves inhibit the growth of lung cancer cells. The researchers penetrated into the nanopores of the cancer cells and destroyed up to 80 per cent of them. The CdS quantum dots derived from tea leaf extract showed exceptional fluorescence emission in cancer cell bioimaging compared to conventional CdS nanoparticles. Quantum dots are therefore a very promising avenue to explore for developing new cancer treatments, researchers said.

  • The film was chosen by the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (I&B) to represent the spirit of secularism in the country, a release issued by the movie's director, Zaigham Imam said. Besides 'Nakkash', the Cannes festival, which commenced on May 8, saw Indian films like Nandita Das-directed and Nawazuddin Siddiqui starrer 'Manto'.  Nakkash, which stars Inaam-ul-haq and Sharib Hashmi -- the actors of National Award winning film 'Filmistan', is the story of a Muslim craftsman who uses his craft to do engravings in Hindu temples but gets boycotted by his community and faces hardship along with his son.  "I & B Ministry especially chose 'Nakkash' for representing the spirit of communal harmony. The film represents a new and different perspective about India in the backdrop of the holy city Varanasi," Imam said in a statement. This was the third installment of Zaigham Imam's trilogy of stories revolving around Varanasi. His first film 'Dozakh: In Search Of Heaven', released in 2015, was based on his novel with the same name. The second film 'Alif' was released it in February 2017. "I was born in a Muslim family near Banaras. Since childhood I had a peculiar relation with mosques and temples. That bond grew as I started my journey as a journalist and became a successful one. That fascination became the fuel to my stories," he said in the release. "Nakkash (The Craftsman) is all about humanity and spreading your wings breaking all religious boundaries," Imam said.

  • Trump's move came after it was reported that the FBI dispatched a confidential source to speak with some aides to Trump's presidential campaign about its possible ties to Russia, according to US media reports. "I hereby demand, and will do so officially tomorrow, that the Department of Justice look into whether or not the FBI/DOJ infiltrated or surveilled the Trump Campaign for Political Purposes - and if any such demands or requests were made by people within the Obama Administration!" Trump tweeted. Trump's latest demand came amid a series of tweets yesterday denouncing a "witch hunt" that, he said, had found no collusion by his campaign with Russia. US Deputy Attorney-General Rod Rosenstein said action would be taken if any infiltration was found. "If anyone did infiltrate or surveil participants in a presidential campaign for inappropriate purposes, we need to know about it and take appropriate action," Rosenstein said in a statement. There is already an investigation into all aspects relating to Trump's campaign for the 2016 election and whether Russia tried to influence the outcome. There is an ongoing investigation led by Special Counsel Robert Mueller into Russia's efforts to interfere in the 2016 US election, whether there was any collusion between the Kremlin and Trump's election campaign and whether the president tried unlawfully to obstruct the inquiry. Trump has constantly attacked the inquiry. Trump first made the accusation that the FBI had sent a spy into his campaign team on Friday. "It took place very early on, and long before the phony Russia Hoax became a 'hot' Fake News story," Trump had tweeted, adding: "If true - all time biggest political scandal!" The New York Times followed with an article that suggested there was, indeed, an FBI informant - whose identity it did not reveal - who had been sent to speak to campaign aides but only after the FBI had received reports of "suspicious contacts linked to Russia". The informant - an American academic working in the UK - had made contact with George Papadopoulos and Carter Page, the report said. The Washington Post too reported that in addition to Page and Papadopoulos, the source met with Sam Clovis, the Trump campaign's co-chairman, to talk about relations with China. Clovis' attorney told the Post that Russia never came up in their conversation. Although Trump has suggested the source was embedded in his campaign, US officials have told CNN that was not the case. The officials say that the identity of the source had been closely held at the highest levels of the FBI and intelligence community, and the individual has been a source for the FBI and CIA for years, the report said. Officials from the Justice Department, FBI and Office of the Director of National Intelligence have maintained that turning over that information that congressional Republicans have requested on the source would pose a grave risk to the source's life. Trump's new lawyer, Rudy Giuliani said that he and the President talked over the weekend and agreed Trump should call for the Justice Department investigation involving the confidential source, adding that he expected the President to send a follow-up letter. "I mean, he's got to clean house in his agency," Giuliani said. "If there was an informant, we're entitled to know it. We're entitled to know the fact. We're entitled to know what he knows," the former mayor of New York said. Meanwhile, House Democrats stood by the Justice Department following the President's demand for an inquiry into the department's actions regarding the Trump campaign. California Democratic Representative Ted Lieu said that Trump's demand could amount to obstruction of justice. "This is appalling that President Trump would be so uninformed and that his chief of staff, his counselors, the White House counsel, would allow him to spew into the thinking of Americans that he has any right or authority to dictate to what the Department of Justice does," Texas Democratic Representative Sheila Jackson Lee, who sits on the House Judiciary Committee, said.

  • The programme will provide health cover to almost 40% population of the country, open new hospitals and boost the number of doctors in the country. The inspiration for the Ayushman Bharat programme comes from Prime Minister Narendra Modi's Gujarat experience where a similar scheme is already benefiting those in need of health care and facilities. WATCH VIDEO | 4yrs Modi Govt.- Ayushman Bharat to provide cashless treatment to 40% of population in the country Amin who works as a labourer in a village near Ahmedabad was suffering from a major heart problem but thanks to Gujarat govt,  his treatment was done free of cost under Amrutam Card which otherwise would have costed him 3 Lakh rupees. Trustees of the hospital believe that scheme of Gujarat Government should be implemented all over India.

  • The missile was test-fired from a mobile launcher stationed at Launchpad 3 of the Integrated Test Range (ITR) at Chandipur near here at 10.40 am, Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) officials said. The trial was conducted to validate its "life extension" technologies developed for the first time in India by DRDO and team BraHmos, said an official of the ITR. Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman congratualated DRDO scientists and team BrahMos for the successful launch of BraHmos missile with new technology today. "Smt @nsitharaman congratulates Team Brahmos & @DRDO_India for successful flight test carried out at 1040 hrs on 21 May 2018 from ITR, Balasore to validate BRAHMOS missile life extension technologies developed for the first time in India," her office said in a twitter post. The successful test will result in huge savings of replacement cost of missiles held in the inventory of the Indian Armed Forces, it said. The two-stage missile - first being solid and the second one, a ramjet liquid propellant - has already been introduced in the Army and Navy, while the Air Force version had witnessed successful trial, the DRDO scientists said. BrahMos variants can be launched from land, air, sea and under water. India successfully launched the world's fastest supersonic cruise missile from a Sukhoi-30 MKI combat jet for the first time against a target in the Bay of Bengal in November, 2017, they said. The missiles land and naval variants are already in service. At least two Su-30 squadrons with 20 planes each are planned to be equipped with the air-launch variant BrahMos missile, 500 kg lighter than land/naval variants. India has already extended the range of the three-tonne missile from its earlier 290 km to 400 km and successfully test-fired the variant in March 2017. Increasing the missile's range from 400 km to further 800 km is now possible after India's induction into the Missile Technology Control Regime in June 2016, they said. Prior to that, India was bound by restrictions that limited the range of the missile, which is an Indo-Russian joint venture product, to less than 300 km. Currently the Army is equipped with three regiments of Block 111 version of Brahmos missile. Induction of the first version of BrahMos missile system in Indian Navy began with INS Rajput in 2005. It is now fully operational with two regiments of the Army, said the scientists. After two successful test trials of BrahMos missile from INS Kolkata in June 2014 and February 2015, the test firing from INS Kochi on September 30, 2015, had validated the newly commissioned ship's systems. The air launch version and the submarine launch version of the missile system are in progress. So far, the Army has placed orders for the BrahMos missile which are to be deployed by three regiments. Two of them are already operational. The last land-based trial was conducted from the same base on March 11, 2017 successfully. 

  • While addressing the gathering he said, Common Service Centres are making people literate, empowering them and providing them employment. Union Minister and Local MP Dr. Mahesh Sharma was also present. Village Dhanauri Kalan in Gautam Buddha Nagar District of Uttar Pradesh has become the sixth village in India to be connected digitally.  Union Minister for Electronics and IT Ravi Shankar Prasad visited candle making unit, Sanitary Pad making unit, LED bulb making unit, telemedicine unit and others established by the Common Service Centre in the village. Speaking on the occasion, Prasad said, Government wants to empower people digitally as India is becoming a digital economy. Village Dhanauri Kalan comes under the parliamentary constituency of Union culture minister Mahesh Sharma, who has worked in tandem with the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology to digitize the village. People in this village are availing all types of services at the Common Service Centre set up in the villages.  DigiGaon was conceptualized as a connected village where citizens can get various e-services of the Centre and State governments and private players in rural and remote villages of the country. The DigiGaon project is aimed at improving health and education services in rural areas. DigiGaons are projected to be change agents, promoting rural entrepreneurship and building rural capacities and livelihoods through community participation and collective action.

  • The private bus was on its way to Ahmedabad in Gujarat from Banda in Uttar Pradesh when it hit the truck's rear side on a road near Ruthiyai town around 4.30 am, Guna Police Station in-charge Vivek Asthana said. The truck was stranded on the road due to some technical problem, the police said. Seven persons, including the bus driver, died on the spot while three others succumbed to injuries in the district hospital, Asthana said. The deceased included nine men and a one-and-a-half- year old girl. The injured persons were admitted in the district hospital where the condition of three of them was reported to be serious, he said. A case was registered in connection with the mishap, the police added. Further details were awaited. 

  • The two coaches -- B-6 and B-7 -- of the fully air-conditioned train, caught fire around 11.45 am. After the fire, some passengers pulled the emergency chain to stop the train and immediately alighted from it. The two damaged coaches were segregated and the process and after reaching Gwalior, the train continued its onwards journey after getting a track clearance.

  • The Union Health Ministry has sent a high-level multi-disciplinary team to Kerala's Kozhikode district to probe the rising number of cases and reported deaths due to the Nipah virus. The high-level team from the National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) has been asked to assist the Kerala government and closely monitor the situation. "We are closely monitoring the situation. I have spoken to Tourism Minister K J Alphons and Kerala Health Minister K K Shailaja, and assured them all support of the central government. "I have also dispatched a central team to assist the state government and initiate required steps," Union Health Minister J P Nadda said in a statement from Geneva.  Meanwhile, though the virus has been reported only in Kozhikode, Kerala Chief Minister has issued a statewide alert to remain vigilant. A 24-hour control room has been opened to monitor the situation. CM has also requested all to follow the instructions of the health department to tackle this crisis. Transmission of Nipah virus takes place through direct contact with infected fruit bats or from other NiV-infected persons. People have been also cautioned that they should not consume fruits that have fallen to the ground. Nipah virus (NiV) infection in humans has a range of clinical presentations, from asymptomatic infection to acute respiratory syndrome and fatal encephalitis, according to the World Health Organisation (WHO). The Kozhikode health department is maintaining vigilance in the wake of three deaths there reportedly due to the virus. Two more persons, who were allegedly in contact with the deceased, are believed to be in a serious condition. NiV is also capable of causing disease in pigs and other domestic animals. There is no vaccine for either humans or animals. The primary treatment for human cases is intensive supportive care, the WHO says on its website. 

  • Pakistani Rangers fired mortars shells and used small arms to target Border outposts. BSF troops effectively retaliated to the Pakistani firing.  Three persons were injured in Arnia while one policeman injured in RS Pura Sector of Jammu.  Schools around five kilometer radius have been closed for security. Residents of Arnia sector along LoC have started migrating to safer places as Pakistan continues to violate ceasefire.  Pakistani Rangers had on Sunday morning called up BSF formations and pleaded to stop retaliatory fire after India inflicted heavy damage to Pakistani side for starting unprovoked firing. Slamming Pakistan over ceasefire in the month of Ramadan, MoS PMO Jitendra Singh said those who are indulging in firing from across the border have proved to the entire world that they have the least of faith in Ramzan, Islam & Holy Quran. He further said that security forces are giving befitting reply to Pakistani rangers.

  • The singer, who was nominated in 15 categories this year, also took home trophies in Top Male Artist, Top Hot 100 Artist, Top Song Sales Artist and Top Radio Songs Artist categories. Besides Sheeran, Kendrick Lamar and Bruno Mars also were competing in 15 segments, Billboard reported. Lamar came a close second by scoring four wins as the Top Streaming Songs Artist, Top Rap Artist, Top Rap Male Artist, Top Streaming Song (Audio) for "Humble" and Mars followed in the third position by winning the awards in Top R&B Artist, Top R&B Male Artist and Top R&B Tour categories. The major award wins may have been dominated by male artistes this year, but it was a moment in time when Janet Jackson was announced as the BBMA Icon Award - the first African American female artiste to receive the recognition. She performed a rendition of her '80s hit "Nasty", "Throb" and danced to another chartbuster "If" before accepting the honour from Mars. The 52-year-old singer rooted for the #MeToo campaign and declared her support for the people "outraged by discrimination who support us in heart and mind". "I believe that for all of our challenges, we live at a glorious moment for history. It's a moment when at long last, women have made it clear that we will no longer be controlled, manipulated or abused. I stand with those women and with those men equally outraged by discrimination who support us in heart and mind. "This is also a moment when our public discourse is loud and harsh. My prayer is that weary of such noise, we turn back to the source of all calmness - that source is God. Everything we lack, God has in abundance: compassion, sensitivity, patience and a boundless love," she said in her address. Taylor Swift won Top Female Artist for her album "Reputation" with Cardi B winning the title of Top Rap Female Artist and SZA being adjudged Top R&B Female Artist. Maren Morris received the award for Top Country Female Artist. "Havana" hitmaker Camila Cabello won the Billboard Chart Achievement Award. Khalid emerged as the Top New Artist Khalid and Drake pulled a win as Top Billboard 200 Artist. EDM genius The Chainsmokers snagged the Top Dance/Electronic Artist award. The duo - Alex Pall and Andrew Taggart - paid tributes to deceased Swedish DJ Avicii, who was found dead on April 20 in Muscat, Oman at age 28. "I know everyone that was nominated for this award was massively influenced by him. He is somebody who made us believe this was a realistic career, something we could do with our lives, inspired all of us, influenced our music, influenced pop music, music in general and he will be missed. "I hope you're somewhere and I hope you found peace. We love you," Taggart said in the acceptance speech. Luis Fonsi & Daddy Yankee ft. Justin Bieber "Despacito" ruled the roost at the 2018 BBMAs as the hit track bagged five honours in across categories, besides being named the Top Latin Song. The chart-topper was also chosen as the Top Hot 100 Song, Top Streaming Song (Video), Top Selling Song and Top Collaboration. Chris Stapleton took home to awards for - Top Country Artist, Top Country Male Artist. Jay-Z scored a win in Top Rap Tour category. While Ozuna won the gong for Top Latin Artist, MercyMe was named Top Christian Artist. Imagine Dragons won two awards in Top Duo/Group and Top Rock Artist segments. K-pop boy band BTS bagged the trophy of Top Social Artist. They are the first-ever Korean act to perform at the BBMAs. They took to the stage with their new single "Fake Love" to perform the song first time on television. U2 was named the Top Touring Artist and Top Rock Tour. Florida Georgia Line won the title of Top Country Duo/Group Artist with Luke Bryan being named for Top Country Tour. The ceremony, which was hosted by Kelly Clarkson, aired on Vh1 in India. 

  • The traditional way to grow cells for biomedical research is to culture them as flat, two-dimensional sheets, which are overly simplistic. In recent years, researchers have been increasingly successful in growing stem cells into more complex, 3D structures called mini-organs or organoids. These resemble rudimentary organs and in many ways behave similarly. While these properties make organoids ideal for biomedical research, they also pose a challenge for mass production. The ability to mass produce organoids is the most exciting potential applications of the new robotic technology, according to the developers. In a study published in the journal Cell Stem Cell, researchers from University of Washington in the US used a robotic system to automate the procedure for growing stem cells into organoids. Although similar approaches have been successful with adult stem cells, this is the first report of successfully automating the manufacture of organoids from pluripotent stem cells. That cell type is versatile and capable of becoming any type of organ. In this process, the liquid-handling robots introduced the stem cells into plates that contained as many as 384 miniature wells each, and then coaxed them to turn into kidney organoids over 21 days. Each little microwell typically contained ten or more organoids, and each plate contained thousands of organoids. With a speed that would have impressed Henry Ford's car assembly line, the robots could produce many plates in a fraction of the time. "Ordinarily, just setting up an experiment of this magnitude would take a researcher all day, while the robot can do it in 20 minutes," said Benjamin Freedman, an assistant professor at UW. "On top of that, the robot doesn't get tired and make mistakes. For repetitive, tedious tasks like this, robots do a better job than humans," he said. The researchers further trained robots to process and analyse the organoids they produced. They used an automated, cutting-edge technique called single cell RNA sequencing to identify all the different types of cells found in the organoids. "We established that these organoids do resemble developing kidneys, but also that they contain non-kidney cells that had not previously been characterized in these cultures," said Jennifer Harder, an assistant professor at the University of Michigan in the US. "These findings give us a better idea of the nature of these organoids and provide a baseline from which we can make improvements," Freedman said. The researchers discovered a way to greatly expand the number of blood vessel cells in their organoids to make them more like real kidneys. They also used their new technique to search for drugs that could affect disease. In one of these experiments, they produced organoids with mutations that cause polycystic kidney disease, a common, inherited condition that affects one in 600 people worldwide and often leads to kidney failure.

  • The win gave the Spaniard his 56th title on clay - eight of them in Rome - and he will reclaim the world number one ranking from Roger Federer when the revised ATP standings are released on Monday. Despite breaking to love in the first game, Nadal made a shaky start, losing his serve in the opening game before bouncing back. The 31-year-old top seed broke Zverev to level the score and then turned up the heat, striking eight winners and making only four unforced errors to his opponent's 10 to take the opener. Zverev regrouped, holding for the first time in the match at the start of the second set before breaking Nadal to lead 2-0. The 21-year-old came into the final as the form player on the ATP Tour, and he settled into a rhythm that had Nadal on the back foot on his favourite surface. The youngster went 0-30 down while serving for the set but kept his head to win next four points before forcing the decider with a backhand winner down the line. He carried his momentum into the third set, breaking Nadal to go 2-0 up and gain an early advantage. Nadal kept himself alive with a hold to love, and two more service games went by before play was halted for the first time with the rain spitting down. Nadal emerged after a short break trailing 3-1 and held serve again before the heavens opened a second time, forcing the 45-minute delay that proved decisive. The Spaniard broke back immediately after the restart to draw level at 3-3 and then held to 15 to get his nose in front. Scenting blood, Nadal did what he does best, hounding Zverev into coughing up another break point that he claimed with a stunning crosscourt backhand volley. His confidence soaring, Nadal served for the match, gaining two match points with a trademark forehand winner. Zverev saved the first, but could do nothing about the second as Nadal dropped a short volley over the net to claim the title.

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